Gender-specific choice of language means
The object of this research is a branch of sociolinguistics dedicated to gender differentiation of the way people speak. It is called gender linguistics. This work is aimed at proving that the masculine and feminine discourses differ from each other essentially, whether they are written or spoken. This can be illustrated by studying different aspects of discourse, according to language levels.
Starting with the lexical and stylistic level, we can bust the over-talkative women stereotype. Men tend to speak and interrupt more. However, on average a woman’s request in search engines (3.5 words) is longer than a man’s request (3.2 words). Moreover, it is typical for men to use substandard forms, whilst for women lofty language is more frequent. Assuming this point, we can assert that women’s style is more formal.
The grammatical aspect is subdivided into 2 parts. As for the morphological peculiarities, male speech employs more numerals and nouns, whilst adjectives, adverbs and interjections predominate in female discourse. Women’s speech is also characterised by diminutive-hypocoristic suffixes, men in their turn use morphemes with derogative and coarse connotation.
As for syntax, men eagerly use simple incomplete sentences, and in female discourse complex sentences with multiple subordinate clauses and complicated constructions are rather usual. Coming back to the Internet queries, women tend to use interrogative sentences, while men prefer declarative ones.
We can also find an essential difference on the phonetic level. The most obvious one is the pitch of voice. The range is also different: narrow for men and wide for women, the latter tend to change tones more often. Due to this, female speech seems rather emphatic and male speech may sound monotonous.
It should be mentioned, however, that both women and men use the forecited language means subconsciously and the nature of this phenomenon is still under study.
Supervisor - Tuzova, A. Y.