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Bulk Nanostructured Materials with Superior Properties for Innovation Applications

Scientific organization
Ufa State Aviation Technical University
Academic degree
Dr.Sci., Professor
Head of the Institute of Physics of Advanced Materials
Scientific discipline
New materials, Manufacturing technologies & Processes
Bulk Nanostructured Materials with Superior Properties for Innovation Applications
Bulk Nanostructured Materials with Superior Properties for Innovation Applications

In recent years the development of bulk nanostructured metallic materials has become one of the most topical directions in modern materials science. Nanostructuring of metals and alloys paves the way to obtaining unusual properties that are very attractive for innovative applications [1, 2]. In this research topic, the use of severe plastic deformation (SPD) techniques attracts special attention since it offers new opportunities for developing new technologies of fabrication of various large semi-products from nanostructured materials in the form of sheets, rods, thin foils, wire, for various specific applications [2, 3]. Recent years also witness the transition of SPD methods such as high pressure torsion (HPT), equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) and others from laboratory scale to commercial techniques based on continuous processes, for example ECAP-Conform. These new trends are considered with details in the present lecture.

Especially significant progress has been made recently in the development of physical principles of enhancement of nanomaterials properties. It is well-known that nanostructured metals and alloys very often demonstrate high strength at the expense of ductility and may even be brittle, which hinders their wide application as structural materials.

We demonstrate in this talk that application of grain boundary (GB) engineering principles, i.e. generation of mostly high-angle grain boundaries with nonequilibrium, strain-distorted structure [4] or formation of GB segregations and precipitations makes it possible to achieve unique combination of multifunctional properties in nanomaterials [5, 6]. As a result we can produce the materials with high fatigue strength, endurance, increased fracture toughness. The examples of successful realization of these principles applied to enhance the properties in a number of commercial alloys based on Al, Ti and steels are given in the report. Also first pilot articles for innovative applications in medicine and engineering as well as ways of their commercialization are considered and discussed.




  1. RZ Valiev, Nanostructuring of metals by severe plastic deformation for advanced properties, Nature Materials, Vol. 3, (2004), pp. 511-516.
  2. R.Z. Valiev, A.P. Zhilyaev, T.G. Langdon, Bulk Nanostructured Materials: Fundamentals and Applications, 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 456 pages.
  3. I Sabirov, MYu Murashkin, RZ Valiev, Nanostructured aluminium alloys produced by severe plastic deformation: new horizons in development, Materials Science & Engineering A, vol. 560 (2013), pp. 1-24
  4. I.A. Ovidko, A.G. Sheinerman, R.Z. Valiev, Dislocation emission from deformation-distorted grain boundaries in ultrafine-grained materials, Scripta Materialia, vol. 76 (2014), pp. 45-48
  5. I. Sabirov, N.A. Enikeev, M.Y. Murashkin, R.Z. Valiev, Bulk nanostructured materials with multifunctional properties, Series: SpringerBriefs in Materials, Springer, 2015, IX, 161 p.
  6. R. Z. Valiev, Y. Estrin, Z. Horita, T. G. Langdong, M. J. Zehetbauer, Y.T. Zhu, Producing bulk ultrafine-grained materials by severe plastic deformation: ten years later, JOM (2016) DOI: 10.1007/s11837-016-1820-6