Adaptive behavior of children in babyhomes with different social environment.
Early childhood period in life of every child is the basis for the development of personality and mental health. Difficulties in the child's early experiences such as deprivation, disregard, abusive treatment may be predictors of behavioral disorders and mental health problems. Understanding of the adaptive behavior of young children living in different conditions of social environment will allow us to understand which aspects of adaptive behavior unfold in a family environment. In its turn, that will improve intervention programs aimed at developing family environment in babyhomes. We have conducted the investigation on how adaptive development of children in a family-liаe environment is different from those characteristics of children in a typical socially-emotionally depriving babyhome. The study involved 52 infants (5-48 mounts, М = 23,06; σ = 9,93) and young children living in the two baby homes of St. Petersburg. To assess the health and functional abilities of children we used the expert evaluation method. To measure adaptive behavior a semi-structured interview «Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale » (S. S. Sparrow, D. V. Cicchetti, D.A. Balla, 2005) was used. Statistical methods: MANOVA, MANСOVA, correlational analysis, T-test. The results showed that children in the baby home with a family social environment have better developed personal and domestic daily living skills, social skills of interpersonal relations, play and coping skills, as well as expressive communication. Their development is better on three out of four domains, i.e. on Communication, Socialization and Daily Living Skill compared to children in a typical babyhome. Our data shows the importance of a family-like environment on the development of childrens social skills and proves the necessity to provide such environment for children in institutions.