Регистрация / Вход
Прислать материал

Frontiers of Marine Geosciences, IODP The International Ocean Discovery Program: Will Russian marine geoscientists join the exploration of ocean floors through scientific drilling?

Name
Thiede
Surname
Jörn
Scientific organization
SPbGU
Academic degree
Prof. Dr. Dres. h.c.
Position
Head of Köppen-Laboratory
Scientific discipline
Earth Sciences, Ecology & Environmental Management
Topic
Frontiers of Marine Geosciences, IODP The International Ocean Discovery Program: Will Russian marine geoscientists join the exploration of ocean floors through scientific drilling?
Abstract
Frontiers of Marine Geosciences, IODP The International Ocean Discovery Program: Will Russian marine geoscientists join the exploration of ocean floors through scientific drilling?

S. Aplonov1, G. Camoin2, G.Cherkashov1,3, A. Krylov1,3,
G. Leitchenkov1,3,, A. P. Lisitzin4,,J. Thiede1,5

Affiliations see Summary
Keywords
Ocean Drilling, Russian participation in IODP, Marine Geosciences, Earth System Science, Paleogeography of the oceans
Summary

Frontiers of Marine Geosciences, IODP The International Ocean Discovery Program: Will Russian marine geoscientists join the exploration of  ocean floors through scientific drilling?

S. Aplonov1, G. Camoin2, G.Cherkashov1,3,  A. Krylov1,3,
 G. Leitchenkov1,3,, A. P. Lisitzin4,,J. Thiede1,5

1St. Petersburg State University, 7/9 Universitetskaya emb., 199034 St. Petersburg/ RF; 2 ECORD Managing Agency, CEREGE, Europole de l´Arbois, BP80, F-13545 Aix-en-Provence cedex 4/ FRANCE; 3VNIIOkeangeologia 1, Anglisky ave., 190121. St. Petersburg/ RF;
4P.P.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology (IO RAS), 36 Nakhimovski pr., 117993 Moscow/ RF;5 AdW Mainz, c/o GEOMAR Helmholtz Center for Ocean Research, Wischhofstr. 1-3, D-24248 Kiel/ GERMANY

With 26 nations involved, the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) is worldwide the most prominent and forward looking marine research program addressing the planet Earth´s history and dynamics using ocean going research platforms.

IODP (Suyehiro 2015) builds on the legacy of the former ocean drilling programs which started with the Project Moho in 1961. The DSDP (Deep-Sea Drilling Project) has been using the drilling vessel GLOMAR Challenger from 1966 through 1984. In fall 1975 the IPOD (International Phase of Ocean Drilling) has started with Leg 45 and its expeditions covered almost the entire world ocean. IPOD comprised numerous international members including the Russian Acacdemy of Sciences, providing many participants to the IPOD expeditions (providing Russian participation both as regular scientists and as co-chief scientists who made very valuable and international recognized contributions to the results of DSDP). This evolved into the ODP (Ocean Drilling Program, 1985-2003) with the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution. The IODP (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program) succeeded to ODP from  2003 to 2013 (without Russian membership). In addition to JOIDES Resolution, this program extended its research capabilities by introducing 1) a riser vessel provided by Japan, the Chikyu, to drill into geologically  challenging locations, and 2) Mission Specific Platforms (MSPs) provided by ECORD (European Consortium for Ocean Research Drilling) to drill locations which cannot be investigated by the other platforms. Its successor, the International Ocean Discovery Program, began in October 2013 and has diversified the research themes linked to ocean drilling, in addition to reviving the original idea to drill through the Moho under the oceans.

The IODP expeditions function as „maritime universities“ onboard of the drilling vessels providing opportunities of international cooperation and  unique experiences, in particular to the young generation of marine geoscientists. In addition. ECORD offers a full array of high-profile educational activities for students and early-career scientists.

We urge the Russian research authorities to persue an ECORD/ IODP membership, maybe through formation of a national consortium of interested institutions. Several levels of membership are possible and are open to negotations. Such a membership would provide opportunities to Russian scientists 1) to sail on the IODP expeditions, 2) to participate in its scientific planning/advisory structure, 3) to submit new drilling proposals, and 4) to deploy sophisticated permanent monitoring devices embedded into new or existing drill holes.

The perspective of potential future drilling in the Central Arctic (by ECORD in 2018) and in the Southern oceans would bring Russian marine geoscientists into regions of highest scientific interest.

Reference:
Suyehiro, K. 2015: Ocean Drilling.- Encyclopedia of Marine Geosciences, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-6644-0_204-4, Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht